The Life of Animals | Crane | The adult Sarus Crane is very large with gray wings and body a bare red head and parts of the upper neck; a greyish crown; and a long pointed bill greenish-gray. This bird has a gray ear covert patch, an orange-red iris and a greenish-gray bill. The bare red skin of the adult's head and neck is Brighter During the breeding season. The sexes do not differ in plumage although males are on average larger than females; male Sarus of the Indian population can attain a maximum height of about 180 cm (5.9 ft) Them making the world's tallest flying bird extant. The weight of nominate race individuals is 6.8-7.8 kg (16 lb), while five adult sharpii averaged 8.4 kg (18.5 lb).

The Brolga has the red coloring confined to the head and not extending into the neck Historically the species has been widely distributed on the lowlands of India along the Gangetic plains, extending south to the Godavari River, west to coastal Gujarat, the Tharparkar District of Pakistan, and east to West Bengal and Assam. Sarus Cranes are rare and occur in very low numbers in West Bengal and Assam, and are no longer found in the state of Bihar. There are two distinct Populations of Sarus Cranes in South-east Asia: the northern population in China and Burma, and the southern population in Cambodia and Vietnam.

In 2011, Captive Bred cranes reintroduced into Thailand were the resource persons. Destroyed largely with marshlands, these cranes are increasingly dependent on wet-paddy fields in India. The Sarus Crane breeds in some high-elevation regions Such as near the Pong Dam in Himachal Pradesh, where Populations may be growing in response to Increasing Rice cultivation along the reservoir Sarus Cranes preferentially use wetlands or uncultivated patches amid flooded rice paddies (khet-taavadi Called locally) for nesting in India. Breeding pairs are territorial and prefer to forage in natural wetlands, though wet crops like rice and wheat are also frequented

These cranes are usually seen in pairs or small groups (Sultanpur National Park) There were the resource persons about an estimated 15 to 20.000 mature Sarus Cranes left in the wild in 2009. The population in India has however Declined Estimates of the global population suggest That the population in 2000 was at best about 10% and at the worst just 2.5% of the numbers That existed in 1850. Farmers compensating for crop losses has been suggested as a measure That may help.  The little-known Philippine population Became Extinct in the late 1960s

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