The Life of Animals | Elk | Early European explorers in North America, who were with the smaller deer Europe think more North America animals such as moose, elk and therefore the name of that is the name of common European elk. Moose is the word American elk Norse, Scandinavian Elgr ELG / elk ALG and German, all of which to the animal in North America known as Moose relate the following. This name will be used primarily for the Asian subspecies (Altai wapiti, Tian Shan wapiti, moose Manchuria and Alashan wapiti), moose Eurasia, because the name is still used by moose. Especially on Caspian red deer (Cervus elaphus maral), a subspecies of deer It is a subspecies of elk in Mongolia called the Altai wapiti (Cervus canadensis sibiricus), also known as maral Altai, Siberia Siberia known moose or elk. Populations vary in shape and size of timber behavior, body size, coloration and mating.
Of the six subspecies of elk known inhabited North America in historical times have four remain, including the Roosevelt (C. canadensis roosevelti), Tule (C. canadensis nannodes), Manitoba (C. canadensis manitobensis) and Rocky Mountain (C. canadensis nelsoni ). Eastern subspecies of elk (C. canadensis) and Merriam Elk (C. canadensis merriami) were described disappeared for at least a four subspecies in Asia are the century Altai Wapiti (C. canadensis sibiricus) and the Tianshan Wapiti (C. canadensis songaricus). Two different subspecies in China and Korea are the Manchurian wapiti (C. canadensis xanthopygus) and Alashan wapiti (C. canadensis alashanicus). The Manchurian wapiti is darker and redder the other populations. Alashan wapiti of north central China is the smallest of all subspecies, has the lightest coloration and is the least investigated. Biologist Valerius Geist, who wrote about the different species of deer in the world, said that there are only three subspecies of elk.
Recent studies suggest that it is not the DNA of more than three or four subspecies of elk. All American forms appear to belong to a subspecies (Cervus canadensis canadensis). Also Siberian elk (Cervus canadensis sibiricus) are more or less identical to the American forms and therefore belong to the subspecies, also. However the Manchurian wapiti (Cervus canadensis xanthopygus) is significantly different differ from the shape Siberia, but not from the Alashan wapitiThe Chinese subspecies are sometimes considered separate species, namely the Asian red deer (Cervus wallichi), which also deals with deer Kashmir Adult elk usually stay in single-sex groups for most of the year. If no bull back, grab the timber and fight bulls sometimes erect serious injury. Dominant bulls follow groups of cows during the rut, from August to early winter. A bull will defend his harem of 20 cows or bulls against rivals and enemies. Only males have large harems and breeding success peaks at the age of eight years. Toros young adults keep a harem later in the breeding season than bulls in their prime. A bull can with a harem rarely feeds and lose up to 20 percent of their body weight. When the females are ready to give birth, they tend to isolate themselves from the herd and remain isolated until the calf is large enough to escape predators. Elk calves are as big as an adult white-tailed deer at the age of six months. The gestation period is the same for all subspecies. Elk live 20 years or more in captivity but average 10 to 13 years in the wilderness. Coyote packs feed primarily on elk calves, but sometimes a weakened adult winter. In the vast Yellowstone ecosystem, including Yellowstone National Park, bears are major predators of calves. The main enemies in Asia are the wolf, dhole, brown bear, Siberian tiger, Amur Leopard and Snow Leopard. Lynx and wild boars sometimes hunt for Asian elk calves. Male elk retain their antlers for more than half of the year and are less likely to group with other males when they have antlers.
After the routine, women form large herds of up to 50 people. As is the case with many species of deer, especially in the mountainous regions, elk migrate to higher altitudes is in the spring after snow fell, and the opposite direction in the fall. Hunting pressure also impacts on migration and movements. Roosevelt Elk are usually settled by less seasonal variability of food sources. Numbers Yellowstone elk herd large ecosystem of more than 200,000 people in the spring and fall, to participate in the longest elk migration in the continental U.S. Elk in the south of YellowstoneNational Park and national forest around south of the town of Jackson, Wyoming, where the winter for a maximum of six months in the National Elk Refuge. Environmentalists will ensure the herd is fed well in the harsh winters. A large number of elk that live in the ecosystem of the northern Greater Yellowstone lower elevations in Montana to migrate mainly in the north and west. Elk have played an important role in the cultural history of the peoples. Pictographs and petroglyphs of elk were carved into cliffs thousands of years ago by the Anasazi of the southwestern United States youngest Indian tribes, including the Kootenai, Cree, Blackfeet, Ojibwa and Pawnee, produced blankets and fur robes moose. At birth, Lakota men were to promote elk tooth for a long life because it's too bad as the last piece of dead moose. The moose is considered a high level of sexual activity and young Lakota men who had dreamed of elk an image of the mythical representation of the dynamics in their "hands" on the court as a sign of sexual potency have. Neolithic rock carvings from Asia are fewer female moose antlers, which was interpreted as a symbol of rebirth and food. The Rocky Mountain Elk is the official animal of the State of Utah. A picture of a moose and a moose on the state flag of Michigan appear. The Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks (BPOE) chose the elk as its namesake, as many of its attributes seemed appropriate for the culture of fraternity members.
Elk kept in captivity or kept for the production of venison and velvet collection. All Asian subspecies, as well as other deer have been for their antlers in central and eastern Asia by Han Chinese, Turkic peoples, Tungusic peoples, Mongolians and Koreans raised. Elk farms are relatively common in North America and New Zealand. Modern applications are decorative, but elk skin shoes, gloves and belts are not uncommon. Since 1967, the Boy Scouts of America at the National Elk Refuge staff have assisted in Wyoming by collecting wood that are made every winter. In 2010 2.520 kg (5600 pounds) auction of wood, bringing more than $ 46,000.