The Life of Animals | Camel Spiders | Typically Solifugae are univoltine. Reproduction can involve direct or indirect sperm transfer; when indirect, the male emits a spermatophore on the ground and then inserts it with his chelicerae in the female's genital pore. Solifugids have been recognised as distinct taxa from ancient times. The Greeks recognised That They were distinct from spiders; spiders were called ἀράχνη (Arachne) were named φαλάγγιον while Solifugae (phalangion).
Although Solifugae are Considered to be endemic indicators of desert biomes, Widely They occur in semi-desert and scrub. Some species also live in Grassland or forest habitats. Inhabit Solifugae Generally warm and arid habitats, Including virtually all warm deserts and scrublands in all Continents excepting Antarctica and Australia. Solifugae are Carnivorous or omnivorous, with most species feeding on Termites, darkling beetles, and other small ground-dwelling arthropods.
Anton August Heinrich Lichtenstein in 1797 theorised That the "mice" which plagued the Philistines in the Old Testament were Solifugae. Similarly British Troops stationed in Libya in World War II would stage fights Between Solifugae and scorpions. The name derives from Latin Solifugae, and means "Those That Flee from the sun".
In southern Africa They are known by a host of names Including red romance, haarskeerders ("hair cutters") and baardskeerders ("beard cutters"), the latter two Relating to the belief They use Their formidable jaws to clip hair from Humans and animals Their subterranean nests to line