The Life of Animals | Sumatran Elephant | In general, Asian elephants are Smaller than African elephants body and have the highest point on the head. In 1985, an island-wide rapid survey suggested That the between 2.800 and 4.800 elephants lived in all eight Provinces of mainland Sumatra in 44 Populations. The population in South Bukit Barisan National Park was estimated at 498 individuals, while the population in Way Kambas National Park was estimated at 180 individuals.
By 2008, the elephants locally Had Become Extinct in 23 of the 43 ranges Identified in Sumatra in 1985, Indicating a very significant decline of the Sumatran elephant population up to That time. By 2008, the elephant was locally Extinct in West Sumatra Province and at risk of being lost from North Sumatra Province too. In Riau Province survived only about 350 elephants across nine separate ranges.
65% of Sumatran elephant Deaths are Because of human persecution30% of this human persecution is through poisoning: Because of fear of the animal83% of the Sumatran elephant's former habitat has now been turned into Plantations; this means That the elephant has to learn to adapt to new habitats if it is to live Elephas maximus is listed on CITES Appendix I. Sumatran elephants are protected under Indonesian law. In 2004, the Tesso Nilo National Park has been established in Riau province to protect the Sumatran elephant's habitat.